What Is Piriformis Syndrome?

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Piriformis syndrome is an unusual neuromuscular disorder that is caused when the sciatic nerve is being compressed by piriformis muscle. The piriformis muscle is a flat, band-like muscle located in the buttocks near the top of the hip joint. This muscle is very important in lower body movement – it enables us to walk and maintain balance.

The irritation of the sciatic nerve is the main cause of Sciatica but it is still a mystery why the piriformis muscle sometimes starts to irritate the sciatic nerve. Many doctors think that the condition begins when the piriformis muscle goes into spasm and tightens against the sciatic nerve, squeezing the nerve against the bone of the pelvis.

  • Pain in the lower back and/or buttocks
  • It may be too painful to sit on the affected buttock. 
  • The pain can radiate down the backs of the legs as well.


Ice Packs and Ice Massage
At the onset of pain, lie in a comfortable position on the stomach and place an ice pack on the painful area for approximately 20 minutes. Repeat as needed every 2 to 4 hours. It may be more helpful to combine a gentle massage with the ice. If ice is applied directly to the skin (instead of a cold pack), limit it to 8 to 10 minutes to avoid an ice burn. Lie on the stomach and have someone gently massage the painful area with a large ice cube. 

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Heat Therapy
Some people find it helpful to alternate cold with heat. Be sure to avoid falling asleep on a heating pad, as this may lead to skin burns. If using a heating pad, lie on the stomach and place the heating pad on the painful area for up to 20 minutes. 

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If you or someone you know is suffering from pain related to piriformis syndrome get it checked out by a professional, you don't deserve to be in chronic pain. Chiropractor Singapore will help you – they are trained to diagnosis and treat many of the injuries that are typically associated with piriformis syndrome.

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